Question: Protein synthesis is the process in which new proteins are
synthesized as directed by the genetic…


Protein synthesis is the process in which new proteins are
synthesized as directed by the genetic blueprint carried in DNA. To
describe protein synthesis, you must be able to use the vocabulary
effectively.

Match the words in the left column to the appropriate blanks in
the sentences on the right.

View Available Hint(s)

ribosome

gene

mRNA

tRNA

DNA

nucleus

rRNA

1. A segment of DNA that encodes for the production of a
specific protein is called a(n) ________ .

2. The ______ reads the mRNA strand, and with
the help of tRNA, builds the corresponding amino acid chain.

3. DNA does not build or synthesize a protein it encodes for;
instead, DNA contains information that is copied by an enzyme to
make _______ , which leaves the nucleus and goes to the ribosome
where the protein is built.

4. A type of RNA that plays the important role of transferring
specific amino acids to the growing amino acid chain in the
ribosomes is called _______ .

5. The structure in the cell that contains DNA is called the
_______ .

6. The _____ contains all of the instructions
for building the hundreds of thousands of proteins that are found
in the human body.

7. To begin the translation stage, mRNA binds to a ribosome with
the help of _______ .

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