Question: Hi, I have to write a chapter refelction for my assienment. Can
you help me to find an example an…

Hi, I have to write a chapter refelction for my assienment. Can
you help me to find an example and can you relate that to the BIB
(Big Ideas in Biology) that I’am going to provide for you. This
chapter is 12 where it’s talking about The Cell Cycle

Note: Provide what this chapter is related to and then provide
an example.

Find an specific example of content in this chapter that
supports one of the BIBs. Why did you chose this example? 3-5

BIB 1: Evolution Central Paradigm in Biology

Evolution is the fundamental organizing principle in biology –
it explains both the unity and diversity of life. All living
organisms share a common ancestor. Species evolve over time, and
new species can arise when allele frequencies change due to
mutation, natural selection, gene flow, or genetic drift. Darwin’s
theory of evolution by natural selection which includes variation,
inheritance, change, and adaptation is supported by evidence from
many sub-disciplines within biology and other disciplines of

Learning objectives:

Students will be able to explain the process of evolution by
natural selection, including molecular mechanisms, and how that
process has affected all life forms in the past and continues to do
so today.

Students should also be able to explain historical and current

Students should be able to summarize the evidence for evolution
and modifications made to the basic Darwinian explanation (genetic
drift and gene flow).


BIB 2: Biological Entities Function as Systems

Biological systems, such as molecules, cells, organisms, and
ecosystems are made up of multiple components that interact to form
complete networks. The consequences of this interaction are that
the system possesses properties call “emergent properties” that are
not possessed by the components and are unique to the system.
Another consequence of this interaction is that if one of the
components is changed, that can change the properties of the

Learning objectives:

Given a biological system, such as a molecule, cell, or
single-celled organism you should be able to explain how the parts
of the system interact to produce the emergent properties of the

Apply the scientific process by using models to predict or
demonstrate how changes in one component affect the entire


BIB 3: Structure and Function of Biological Systems are

Biological structures exist at all levels of organization, from
molecules to ecosystems. A structure’s physical and chemical
characteristics influence its interactions with other structures,
and therefore its function. Fundamental structural units, and the
molecular and cellular processes they participate in, are conserved
through evolution and yield the extraordinary diversity of
biological systems seen today.

Learning objectives:

Given the different levels within the hierarchy of science in
general and biology in particular, students will be able to analyze
the interrelationships between structural elements at each level
and the functions performed.

Students will also be able to predict the resulting changes that
may occur when a structural element of a hierarchy is changed.


BIB 4: Matter and Energy are Required by Biological Systems

Biological systems are organized and regulated to operate as
distinct entities separate, but dependent, on the environment
around them. In order to maintain the dynamic steady-state, they
must acquire matter and energy and so are subject to the laws of
physics and chemistry whcih underlie processes such as metabolic
pathways and homeostasis.  

Learning objectives:

Students will be able to explain the processes by which energy
enters living organisms and what happens as it passes between and
through all levels of the biological hierarchy.

Students will also be able to compare and contrast the processes
by which matter moves through and between organisms/levels of


BIB 5: Information Processing and Transfer are Essential

All biological systems depend on specific interactions and
information transfer between the components of the system and
between the different system levels. Information exchange between
components of a system form the basis of the successful functioning
of that system, whether it be a cell, and organism, or an

Learning objectives:

Students will be able explain how information is stored in
biological systems, how it is accurately replicated, and how the
information is processed and used by individual

Students will also be able to explain how genetic and epigenetic
information flows between generations and the patterns of
inheritance that result.

Students will describe multiple mechanisms that system from
cells to organisms have multiple mechanisms to perceive and respond
to changing environmental conditions.

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